About Iran - Geography and Climate
Iran Geography & Climate
Covering an area of 1,648,000 square kilometers ,the Islamic Republic of Iran is located in southwestern Asia and one of the most important countries in the Middle East. The Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the north; Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east; Turkey and Iraq in the west surround the country.
Iran is situated at the heart of the Middle East as a bridge, links the Caspian Sea, the largest land-locked body of water in the earth, to the Persian Gulf. On the south, Iran borders the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman. The lowest point of Iran is the Caspian Sea - 28 m whereas the highest point is Kuh-e-Damavand at 5,671 m. Among the small rivers the only one navigable is the Karun through which shallow-draft boats can move from Khorramshahr to Ahvaz. Iran geography also includes the various natural resources of Iran like petroleum, natural gas, coal, and chromium and information about where they can be found. The extent of irrigated land in Iran is 75,620 sq km
Iran is one of the countries in the world which has the complete four seasons.In summer, the weather can be cool as well as warm, and in the cold winters, it can be mild.A large part of the country suffers great extremes of heat and cold between summer and winter and rainfall is mainly confined to winter and spring. Summers are warm to hot with virtually continuous sunshine, with high humidity on the southern coasts. Very high temperatures can be experienced along the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea with a danger of heat exhaustion. Winter weather is very changeable with some mild, wet spells but also some very cold periods with frost and snow. A small area along the Caspian coast has a very different climate, here rainfall is heaviest from late summer to mid winter but falls throughout the year.
Best Time to Visit Iran
  • the best times to visit Iran is from mid - April to early June and late September to early November.
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